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Hortatory Exposition

8.  HORTATORY EXPOSITION (Eksposisi Hortatory)

1)    Purpose (Tujuan )
To persuade the readers or listeners that something should or should not be  the case.
(Membujuk/mempengaruhi pembaca atau pendengar bahwa sesuatu seharusnya demikian atau tidak demikian)

2)    Generic Structure (Struktur Umum)

  • Thesis (pernyataan pendapat)
  • Argument : berupa alasan mengapa ada keprihatinan, dan mengarah ke rekomendasi
  • Recomendation: pernyataan tentang bagaimana seharusnya atau tidak seharusnya.

3)    Linguistic Features (Ciri-ciri Kebahasaan)

  • Terfokus ke penulis yang mengangkat isu


  • Abstract nouns, misalnya policy, government, dsb
  • Relating verbs, misalnya: should be, doesn’t seem to have been, dsb.
  • Action verbs, misalnya: She must act, dsb.
  • Thinking verbs, misalnya: Many people believe, dsb
  • Modal verbs, misalnya we must preserve, dsb.
  • Connectives, misalnya firstly, secondly, dsb.
  • Bahasa evaluatif, misalnya: important, valuable, trustworthy, dsb.
  • Passive voice (Katimat pasif)
  • Simple present tense.

4)   Example

What  are Your Kids Watching?

Issue (Pernyataan pendapat) Is it important to know what your kids are watching? Of course it is.Television can expose your child to things that you have tried to protect them from, especially violence, drug abuse, etc.
Argument (yang terdiri atas Point  dan Elaborasi) One study demonstrated that watching too much TV during the day or at bedtime often causes bedtime resistance, sleep onset delay and anxiety around sleep, followed by shortened sleep duration.
Argument Another study found a significant association between the amount of time spent watching television during adolescence and early adulthood the likelihood of subsequent aggressive acts against others.
Argument Meanwhile, many studies have found an association between kids watching a lot of TV, being inactive and overweight.
Recommen-dation Considering some facts above, protect your children with some following tips:

  1. Limit television viewing to 1-2 hours each day.
  2. Do not allow your children to have a TV set in their bedrooms.
  3. Review the ratings of TV shows that your children watch.
  4. Watch television with your children and discuss what is happening during the show. Discuss alternative and more acceptable things that characters could have done.

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