e-Learning MTs Miftahul Ulum Ngemplak

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5.   REPORT (Laporan hasil pengamatan)

1)   Purpose (Tujuan )
To describe the way things are, with reference to a range of natural, man-made or social phenomena.
(Mendiskripsikan sesuatu apa adanya, yang meliputi gajala alam, benda buatan manusia, atau gejala-gejala sosial).

Apakah perbedaan teks “Description” dan “Report”?

  • Description menggambarkan suatu benda/ binatang/orang/tempat SECARA KHUSUS.
  • Report menggambarkan suatu benda/ binatang/orang/tempat SECARA UMUM.

Jadi teks report berupa kesimpulan umum, misalnya, ikan paus adalah binatang mamalia karena ikan tersebut melahirkan anaknya.

Perhatikan perbedaan pada table berikut ini:

Description Report
–   Mount Merapi-   My cat-   Indonesia

–   Rhoma Irama

–  A mountain /Mountains

–  A cat/Cats

–  A country/Countries

–  A human being/Human beings

2)    Generic Structure (Struktur Umum)

  • General Classification (Pernyataan yang menerangkan klasifikasi secara umum)
  • Description (Ciri-ciri subyek, misalnya tampilan fisik, kualitas, perilaku umum, sifat-sifat)

3)     Linguistic Features (Ciri-ciri Kebahasaan)


  • General nouns (kata benda umum), seperti Reptiles, whales, dsb.
  • Relating verbs (kata kerja penghubung) untuk menjelaskan ciri, misalnya reptiles are scaly animals
  • Action verbs (kata kerja tindakan) dalam mejelaskan perilaku, misalnya lizards cannot fly, dsb.
  • Simple present tense untuk menyatakan suatu yang umum, misalnya Komodo dragons usually weigh more than 160 kg, dsb.

4)    Example


General Classification Mangoes are scientifically classified as Mangifera indica. They belong to the cashew family, Anacardiaceae. They are fruit that grow in tropical regions throughout the world.
Description Mangoes serve as the main food of many people in tropical countries. They are often called the king of tropical fruits. Mangoes are eaten fresh or are used in making desserts, preserves, and some other foods. The fruit is an excellent source of vitamins A and C.Most mangoes are kidney-shaped, oval, or round. They vary from about 5 to 25 centimetres in length and from 57 grams to 2.3 kilograms in weight. Mangoes have a smooth, leathery skin that surrounds a juicy, yellow or orange pulp and a hard inner pit. The skin may be green, purple, or various shades of orange, red, or yellow. Many mangoes have tough fibres in their pulp, and some of the fruit have an unpleasant turpentine-like odour. However, mangoes grown commercially have a soft, fibreless pulp and a sweet, spicy taste, and odour.The mango tree is an evergreen that grows about 21 meters tall. It has long, slender leaves and small, pinkish-white flowers. The fruit develops from the ovaries of the blossoms and ripens about five months after the flowers bloom.Mangoes were first cultivated about 4,000 years ago in India and the Indonesian Archipelago. In the 1700’s and 1800’s, European explorers brought mangoes from India to other tropical countries. Today, farmers grow mangoes in Brazil, India, Mexico, and the Philippines. In the United States, mangoes grow in Florida and in Hawaii.

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